1. Leadership requires personal mastery – Nurses demonstrate personal mastery when they are able to look at and acknowledge their successes and failures and learn from them (Sherman, 2013).
2. Leadership is about values – Nurses who have internalized values show leadership by displaying good decision making and behavior (Poorchangizi, Borhani, Abbaszadeh, Mirzaee, & Forokhzadian, 2019).
3. Leadership is about service – Nurses show service leadership by sharing the power of decisions, putting the needs of others first, helping others develop, and performing competently (UC Davis Health, n.d.).
4. Leadership is about people and relationships – Nurses show leadership by building relationships where people are accepted as they are, listened to without judgement, and expectations are communicated clearly (Johnson, 2015).
5. Leadership is contextual – Nurses show contextual leadership by being able to tailor their leadership style to any particular context, time, and place (Kershaw, 2011).
6. Leadership is about the management of meaning – Nurses demonstrate management of meaning by using their communication skills to interact effectively with patients and coworkers. Good communication skills are essential in achieving successful health care outcomes (Benedictine University, n.d.).
7. Leadership is about balance – Nurse leaders show balance by managing operational excellence while delivering quality care and service to patients (Van Den Oetelaar, Stel, Rhenen, Stellato, & Grolman, 2016).
8. Leadership is about continuous learning and improvement – Nurses show leadership by continually keeping up with evidenced based best practices and emerging technology, which allows for improved patient outcomes (Nurse Journal, 2019).
9. Leadership is about effective decision making – Nurses display effective decision making when implementing ideas and techniques based on research and empirical science (Saint Xavier University, 2015).
10. Leadership is a political process – Nurse leaders use politics to accurately interpret social situations so they act appropriately based on the circumstances (Saint Xavier University, 2015).
11. Leadership is about modeling – Nurse leaders show modeling by doing the right things, not just saying the right things. They lead by example and inspire, encourage, and and motivate (Johnson, 2015).
12. Leadership is about integrity – Personal integrity aids nurses in making the right choices when treating patients. Effective leaders also use integrity to use and teach nurses how to make safe and effective care decisions intrinsically (Regis College, n.d.).
Benedictine University. (n.d.) Essential communication skills for nurse administrators. www.online.ben.edu
Johnson, J. (2015). Nursing professional development specialists as role models. www.nursingcenter.com
Kershaw, B. (2011). The future of nursing- leading change, advancing health. Nursing Standard, 26(7).
Nurse Journal. (2019). 3 things to know about continuing education. www.nursejournal.org
Poorchangizi, B., Borhani, F., Abbaszadeh, A., Mirzaee, M., & Forokhzadian, J. (2019). The importance of professional values from nursing students’ perspective. www. bmcnurs.biomedcentral.com
Regis College. (n.d.). 9 essential qualities of nurse leadership. www.online.regiscollege.edu
Saint Xavier University (2015). 8 leadership skill nurses need to be successful. www.online.sxu.edu
Sherman, R. (2013). The nurse leader within. emergingrnleader.com
UC Davis Health. (n.d.) Professional relationships and teamwork. www.health.ucdavis.edu
Van Den Oetelaar, W., Stel, H. F. V., Rhenen, W. V., Stellato, R. K., & Grolman, W. (2016). Balancing nurses workload in hospital wards: Study protocol of developing a method to manage workload. BMJ Open, 6(11).